Manipur’s new BJP government should bring attention back to the Naga conflict which, despite simmering for six decades, remains remote in our national consciousness. The current deadlock in the Naga problem could make the PM’s Act East Policy a virtual non-starter. The transit via the North East could be India’s answer to the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor. Meaningful co-operation through the Bangladesh Bhutan Nepal Initiative and the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation — and extending such cooperation to the ASEAN — can be an antidote to Pakistan’s obstructionist tactics in the SAARC. It will also deny the Chinese and the ISI opportunities to fish in the North East’s troubled waters.

BJP’s spectacular win in the recent assembly polls has cleared the road for a final settlement of India’s oldest ethnic insurrection. The framework agreement that the Modi government signed with the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (I-M) nearly two years ago has already created the basis for the long expected solution to the Naga problem.

From previous issue
Even now the erected megaliths remain intact. At the time of dispersal they took oath that they would unite again in future and planted the tree called Chutebu. A genna is observed if a branch of this sacred tree is broken and it is also a taboo to cut the branches of the tree. According to T. C Hodson, “At Makhel is to be seen a stone now erect which marks the place from which the common ancestors (of the Nagas) emerged from the earth, Makhel is regarded as the centre from where the migration took place.”

Many students studying history ask me a common question about their future scope. Most of the students are just limited to teaching or joining some governments’ job as their career choice. In this regard one of the best options for them may be studying archaeology. It is the study of human activity in the past, primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data that has been left behind by past human populations, which includes artifacts, architecture, biofacts ,cultural landscapes , etc. The word archeology is derived from two Greek words ‘archaios’ which means ancient things and ‘logos’ which means theory of science.

From previous issue
According to D. R. Sardesai, after establishing full political control across the Yangtse, the Han dynasty pushed out the other ethnic groups of peoples from the area. In fact, some migrations had been happening for nearly two millennia before the political consolidation in the third century B. C. It was during the late period that ancestors of the people of Malaysia, Burma, Indonesia and Thailand did migrate under the Chinese political and military pressure along the source of rivers to the fertile plains and islands of Southeast Asia.

Photography is something that always enchanted and awed me since I was a childhood. During those yonder years there were instances of many urges from my gut to be a photographer. Not having the resources, I deviated my path from it. In fact, I really love photography. It is said that “It’s never too late to learn” but to me, I kinda think that I am old school for photography and I don’t want to foray amongst these herds of youngbloods and young breeds as a newbie for I’d find myself too out of depth.

GE Harvey wrote: “The Manipuris were occasionally troubled by Burmese levies, but usually did as they liked. Living in an obscure valley, knowing nothing of the outer world, they thought themselves heroes, able to take their pleasure of Burma when they willed. They did not realize that Burma was several times the size of their country, that they were laying up for themselves a frightful vengeance [seven-year devastation], and the only reason vengeance seemed never to come was that Burma happened to be under an incapable king. The Manipuris say he was remarkably cruel; but he was only doing unto them as they had done unto his people”
Manipur (Kangleipak), a tiny state of India was once an independent kingdom that had constantly challenged the supremacy of the Burmese Empire (Myanmar), several times bigger than the size of the former.