Power of Pranayama
Kakchingtabam Brajamani Sharma
Contd from previous issue
(ii)The Swadhisthana (Hypogastric Plexus), (iii) The Manipuraka (Epigastric Plex-us), (iv) The Anahata (Cardiac Plexus), (v) The Vishudha (Carotid Plexus) and (vi) The Anja (Medulla) chakras. In some Yoga Texts, there is a little difference in the naming of the Shad Chakras. It will need a research. I have nothing to say on it. However, the Sanskrit names are similar, only the English naming differs.
The Pranas which are five in number are termed as Prana, Apana, Vyara, Samana and Udana, assisted by minor five Pranas, namely Naga, Kurma, Krikara, Devadutta and Dhananjaya, brings the energy to all the limbs of the body, and enable them to work well. If the connecting wires are not controlled or insulated, there is greatest possibility of power shock, so also, the Pranas are to be well tamed or insulated so that, we can handle them at any way as we like. This process of taming, controlling and domesticating the Pranas is termed as Pranayama. The Yoga Sutra describes "Tasmin sati svasa prasvasayor gati vicchedah pranayamah" (the interruption of inhalation and exhalation is Pranayama), Pranas are not air, nor oxygen. It is that life force which makes the lungs breathing. Parana uses the oxygen. It gives hunger and thirst. The Pranayama controls the pranas and hence controls the impact of hunger, thirst, feelings mental activities lite worrys, sufferings, happiness etc. It is what we say control of mind.
2. Kinds of Pranayama:
Pranayama has been exercised on the four forms of breathing - inhalation, exhalation, outside retention and inside retention. Their Sanskrit terms are Puraka, Rechaka, Vahir Kumbhaka and Antah Kumbhaka. There are several kinds of Pranayama. We can pick up a little.
1) Nadi Sudhi or Anulom-Vilom: Inhale through a nostril as you can steadily and exhale through the other nostril very slowly without retention and practice at least six times, by doing inhalation-exhalation on the both nostrils alternately. It will calm down the body system.
2) Rhythmic Breathing: Sit on Padmasana or any suitable sitting posture, keep the head, neck and body straight. Inhale through one nostril closing the other with thumb and little and ring fingers, as you can very slowly. Close both the nostrils. Retain as you can comfortably. Exhale through the other nostril very slowly as you can comfortably.
(To be contd)