Year ender review of the Ministry of Rural Development
Press Information Bureau
The mandate of Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) is sustainable and inclusive growth of rural India by increasing livelihoods opportunities, providing social safety and developing rural infrastructure. The five major rural development themes around which the current flagship Programmes of MoRD are centered are as follows:
i) Rural Housing (through Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana – Gramin)
ii)Rural Employment (through Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme)
iii) Rural Connectivity (through Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana)
iv) Rural Livelihood (through Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission)
v) Rural Skilling (through Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana and Rural Self Employment Training Institutes) Apart from the above, the NSAP, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee RURBAN Mission (SPMRM) and Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) are other important Programmes of MoRD. The Department is implementing programmes based on the evidence based selection of poor households as per the deprivation criteria of Socio Economic Census (SECC, 2011) data. MoRD is committed towards creating livelihoods opportunities in farm and nonfarm sectors, improved road connectivity, forward and backward linkages for higher economic returns, greater visibility of women across the supply chain, housing for all in the rural areas with provision of lavatories and electricity and higher order federations of women for establishing rural micro enterprises which propels the economic growth of the rural India.
Pradhan Mantri Gram SadakYojana (PMGSY)
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), launched on 25th December, 2000 for providing connectivity by way of a single all weather road to the eligible unconnected habitations as per core-network with a population of 500 persons in plain areas, and 250 persons & above in respect of special category states like NE, Sikkim, HP, J&K & Uttarakhand, desert areas, tribal & backward districts. The programme also provides for upgradation of the existing ‘Through Routes’ and ‘Major Rural Links’ (MRL).
Brief Details of the Initiatives of PMGSY:
i. Government approved phase-III of PMGSY for consolidation of 1,25,000 Km Through Routes and Major Rural Links connecting habitations, inter-alia, to Gramin Agricultural Markets (GrAMs), Higher Secondary Schools and Hospitals.
ii. Programme guidelines issued and software developed. Training workshops organized for 13 States targeted for transition to PMGSY-III during 2019-20. It is expected to sanction 15,000 Km by March, 2020.
iii. 36,037 Km road length has been constructed and 5,952 habitations have been provided connectivity so far during current year.
iv. E-marg software for maintenance of roads has been developed and is being rolled out in all States.
Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) and Rural Self Employment Training Institutes (RSETIs)
Ministry of RD is implementing two welfare schemes in the field of skill development for rural poor youth under the National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) as follows:-
1. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) which is a placement linked skill development program for wage employment.
2. Skill development through Rural Self Employment and Training Institutes (RSETIs) enabling a trainee to take bank credit and start his/her own Micro-enterprise. Some such trainees may also seek regular salaried jobs.
1. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY)
(To be contd)