Working with elderly as career

Ranjan K Baruah
Contd from previous issue
Gerontologists include researchers and practitioners in the fields of biology, nursing, medicine, criminology, dentistry, social work, physical and occupational therapy, psychology, psychiatry, sociology, economics, political science, architecture, geography, pharmacy, public health, housing, and anthropology.
It encompasses studying physical, mental, and social changes in people as they age investigating the biological aging process , effects and mechanisms investigating the social and psycho-social impacts of aging investigating the psychological effects on aging ,  investigating the interface of biological aging with aging-related diseases  , investigating the effects of an ageing population on society applying this knowledge to policies and programs, including the macroscopic (for example, government planning) and microscopic (for example, running a nursing home) perspectives.
The multidisciplinary nature of gerontology means that there are a number of sub-fields, as well as associated fields such as physiology, psychology and sociology that overlap with gerontology. Gerontologists view aging in terms of four distinct processes: chronological aging, biological aging, psychological aging, and social aging. Chronological aging is the definition of aging based on a person’s years lived from birth.