PMKVY 3.0: Inverting the skill development pyramid
Dr Mahendra Nath Pandey
Contd from previous issue
The next and third phase of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) has been uniquely designed to boost demand for job roles at the regional level. Adopting a demand-driven approach, PMKVY 3.0 is aimed at connecting local youth with local jobs. The new-age initiative recognizes the importance of online training in a post-COVID world, and will focus on blended learning in addition to classroom-based training for certain job roles.
Decentralization through the involvement of local level representative institutions in the formulation of development plans as well as their implementation is being encouraged primarily for efficient utilization of resources and ensuring more reasonable sharing of benefit from development. To drive the ‘Skill India’ agenda in ‘Mission Mode’, State Skill Development Missions (SSDM) were launched in nearly all states to manage skill development. In turn, most States also created designated District Skill Committees (DSCs) to facilitate skill development at scale with speed while adhering to high standards.
In the scheme of all things, DSCs will play a central role in the implementation of PMKVY 3.0 where they will be entrusted to carry out district-level skill gaps and demand assessment, mobilization and counselling of candidates and formation of training batches. Further, post training support and handholding the candidates after placements, besides addressing the grievances will also fall under the purview of DSCs.
There is still a huge gap between industry requirements and skills at the local level owing to a number of reasons including inadequate training infrastructure, inappropriate mix of skills and education, outdated curricula, limited industry interfaces and limited standards. DSCs will be empowered to undertake determination of sectoral priorities at the State-level based on assessment of the needs of each sector and related industries to enhance qualitative and quantitative skill availability for the sector. We have seen some encouraging results under SANKALP (Skill Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion), where decentralization is the focus. The programme attempts to create linkage by encouraging SSDMs to provide guidance to DSCs with respect to preparation of district plans and build capacities of DSCs through technical assistance and training.
With a population of an estimated median age of 28 years by 2022, in comparison to 37 in China and the United States, 45 in Western Europe and 49 in Japan, India is clearly pegged to be the ‘Human Resource Capital’ of the world. However, the window of demographic dividend is expected to last five decades, i.e. 2005-2055.
Decentralization has been at the core of institutional reforms in a number of developing and transitional economies. Development plans with a bottom-up approach have seen good results in reducing social and gender inequalities, and in optimum distribution and use of resources.Decentralized planning can also be an enabler in achieving overall development keeping in view the local resources, needs and aspirations to create an ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’ and change the fate of many like it has done for Sharrufuddin Ahmad.
PIB The writer is Union Minister of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship