India's COVID-19 vaccination drive: Key challenges and resolutions

Om Prakash Choudhary, Priyanka Choudhary, Indraj Singh
India has been gravely struck by the second wave of COVID-191 caused by SARS-CoV-2, and is predicted to be hit by the third wave in the next few months. It is challenging for the Government of India to implement a mass vaccination drive while mitigating the subsequent COVID-19 waves. Recommendations for the second wave of COVID-19 in India have been described elsewhere.2 Here, we highlight challenges and resolution measures for mass vaccination of the second-most populous country in the world.
India sustains a staggering 17·7% (1·39 billion) of the world's population, and vaccine production has therefore been a challenge in the country. India has three vaccines (Covishield [ChAdOx1 nCoV-19; Oxford–AstraZeneca; manufactured by Serum Institute of India], Covaxin [BBV152; Bharat Biotech], and Sputnik V [Gam-COVID-Vac; Gamaleya Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology]) approved for emergency use. Around 70 million Covishield doses and 10 million Covaxin doses per month have been manufactured in India up to May, 2021.3 This production pace is insufficient to cover the enormous population of India; hence, manufacturers have committed 100 and 80 million doses per month, respectively, in the coming months. Indian Immunologicals will also provide 10–15 million doses of Covaxin per month by August–September, 2021.3 Besides national production, the country should also consider importation to achieve mass vaccination quickly.
Vaccination planning has also been a challenge in India. Earlier in the year, individual Indian citizens had to register on the CoWIN or Aarogya Setu portal in order to receive a COVID-19 vaccination. The limited number of vaccination slots resulted in fewer administrations during the initial 5 months of the vaccination programme (phase 1–4).
Books peep through the mirrors of closed cupboards.  But in the age of internet, the craze of books is decreasing continuously.  The city's libraries have now become a history.  The Internet has now replaced books that were once called man's best friend.  Even now there is silence in the libraries of the college.
 Library stories and love for books have become a thing of the past.  
Alam is that spiders and dust have occupied the treasures of books in various libraries of the city.  Longing for its readers, these books are shedding tears on their condition.  Older generations considered books as their friends.  According to the elders, earlier people used to spend many hours of the day in the library.