Nupi Lan: Women’s agitation of 1939-40

    16-Dec-2021
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Dr Budha Kamei
Contd from prev issue
But the women just ignored his threat and submitted a petition to the political agent elaborating their grievances and requesting to fulfill the same. The grievances were specified as: a) unfitness of present Durbar members, b) unfitness of police, c) illegal action of police Inspector, d) conviction of four women beyond constitution, e) unexpected assault to the innocent public on 14th January 1940 and f) illegal assault by Dulop Singh, Amin. They made assurance that as soon as these demands were fulfilled they would attend Khwairamban bazaar (Sonamani 1976:330).  It is thus clear that the women are gradually coming towards a compromise with authority.
The grievances of the women were not immediately redressed. But the women certainly made themselves felt. And the boycott itself came to an end with most of the population of Imphal valley fleeing for safety as World War II approached Manipur and stopped all talks about constitutional reforms in Manipur. Lal Dena writes thus: “In this way, the Nupi Lan had paved the way for the emergence of the powerful freedom movement in the State and on many occasions the Manipuri women had always demonstrated a rare example of conduct and sacrifice before their male folk.”
REFERENCES:
1. Administrative Report for the State of Manipur, 1898-99
2. Administrative Report for the State of Manipur,1933-34
3. Administrative Report for the State of Manipur,1934-35
4. B.C Allen: 1980, Gazetteer of Naga Hills and Manipur, New Delhi
5. Captain E .W Dun: 1981, Gazetteer of Manipur, Delhi: Vivek Publishing Company
6. Dr. Jamini Devi: 2005, Manipuri Culture and Manipuri Women(Manipuri Sanskriti Amasung Manipuri Nupi), Imphal
7. Dr. Lal Dena (Ed.): 1991, History of Modern Manipur (1826-1949), New Delhi: Orbit Publishers-Distributors
8. Gangmumei Kamei: 2012, Lectures on History of Manipur, New Delhi: Akansha Publishing House
9. James Johstone: 2002, My Experience in Naga Hills and Manipur, New Delhi: Gyan Publishing House                                                                        
10. John Hurd-II: “The Influence of British Policy on Industrial Development in the princely states of India, 1890-1933”, in Indian Economics and Social History Review, 1975 Vol., New Delhi
11. Karam Manimohon Singh: 1989, Hijam Irabot Singh And Political Movements In Manipur, Delhi: R.B Publishing Corporation
12. Karam Manimohon Singh: 2006, Nupi Lan, Imphal
13. Lal Dena: 2008, British Policy Towards Manipur, 1762-1947, Imphal
14. M. Bhattacharyya: 1963, Gazetteer of India-Manipur, Calcutta
15. N. Lokendra Singh: 1998, The Unquiet Valley, New Delhi: Mittal Publications
16. Naorem Joykumar Singh: 2002, Colonialism To Democracy: A History of Manipur, 1819-1972, Guwahati/Delhi: Spectrum Publications
17. “Nupi Lan, 1939”, The Lamyanba, Vol.5. No.51, December 1973
18. Ph. Tarapot: 2005, Bleeding Manipur, New Delhi: Har-Anand Publications Pvt. Ltd
19. R. Brown: 2001, Statistical Account of Manipur, New Delhi: Mittal Publications
20. R.K. Jhalajit Singh:1965, A Short History of Manipur, Imphal
21. Sanamani Yambem: 1976, Nupi Lan: Manipur Women’s Agitation, 1939 in Economic and Political Weekly, Vol.11, No. 8, February 21.Pp325-327+329-331
22. Sir Robert Reid:1997, History of the Frontier Areas Bordering on Assam From 1883-1941, Guwahati/Delhi: Spectrum Publications
23. T.C Hodson: 2011, The Meitheis, Delhi: Low Price Publications
(Kamei Budha Kabui, Post doctoral fellow (ICHR), Dept. of History, Manipur University)