Impact of climate change in agriculture and its management strategies

Lakshmi Dhar Hatai
Contd from previous issue
2. Formulation of Alternative Policies for Energy subsidy and Water Saving: A direct cash subsidy for electricity or across all subsidized farming inputs, coupled with metering for electricity use can prove as an effective alternative in the economic context.
3. Water-Energy Saving Technological Choices: It depends on the physical and financial viability of technologies and practices that the farmer can pursue in each season and for each crop, with a view towards the diffusion and adoption of appropriate methods to save water and energy.
4. Developing Agriculture Supply Chain: Farmers are able to improve their resilience to climate and financial shocks, they need better access to markets and technology that a well-designed agricultural supply chain could deliver. Efforts to develop a contract farming model through corporate sector entry like Pepsico, Tata, ITC, field fresh, Reliance Fresh, Nestle etc. Agricultural supply chains could reduce the financial burden associated with farm level insurance programmes and with the procurement and deployment of technologies as well as implementation of better practices (Sidhu, etal ., 2011).
5. Use of ICT Tools: There is a need of the system to communicate weather, climate, market price forecast and guidance on scheduling irrigation, fertilizer application, pest control, contract farming and crop insurance options to the farmers to address the adverse impacts of climate change.
Producing enough food for meeting the increasing demands against the background of reducing resources in the changing climate scenario, also minimizing environmental degradation is a challenging task. This would require increased adaptation and mitigation research, capacity building, regional cooperation, changes in policies and support of global adaptation and other resources. Change in planting dates and crop varieties could help in reducing impacts of climate change. Additional mitigation strategies are bridging yield gaps to augment production, development of adverse climate tolerant genotypes and land use systems, providing weather linked value-added advisory services to farmers, crop or weather insurance and improving land and water use management systems.
The writer is from College of Home Science, CAU, Tura, Meghalaya -795005 For further details contact:- Public Relation & Media Management Cell, CAU, Imphal. Email: [email protected]