Indian Railways Romance with Environment

V Kalyana Rama, CMD/CONCOR
Contd from previous issue
In this endeavor, in addition to the ongoing projects of Western DFC and Eastern DFC further DFCs such as East-Coast DFC (Kharagpur-Vijayawada), East-West DFC (Bhusawal-Khargarpur-Dankuni) and North-South DFC (Vijayawada-Nagpur-Itarsi) are under survey. It is expected that the DFCs will enable shift of freight traffic from road to rail from present 30% to 45%, thus shifting cargo to non-polluting greener transportation system.
Another major initiative taken by Indian Railways to bring in efficient environment friendly transportation is by adopting and bringing in container transportation on rail. Right from the beginning of container movement in India, Indian Railways recognized importance of container movement of freight. Further initiatives taken by Indian Railways led to the growth of containerization by rail. Container Corporation of India Ltd. (CONCOR) was incorporated in the year 1989 to specially work on furthering the transportation of containers by rail. From the humble beginning of piecemeal container transportation on rail, lot of progress has been made in bringing in high-speed BLC wagons which run at 100 KMPH and movement of block rakes with 90 TEUs per rake. With the recent introduction of double-stack movement from the last 6 to 7 years, this has further increased the number of TEUs per rake from 90 to 180.  This will be further enhanced with operation of DFCs where double-stack long haul trains will be introduced which will be carrying 400 TEUs in each train.  It is another fine example of the synergy of working between road and rail, wherein the last mile is catered by road and the long distance of containerized cargo transportation is done by rail.  
Indian Railways is adopting lot more initiatives to protect the environment such as introduction of bio-toilets, vacuum cleaning process to save water, use of LED lights to save electricity, introduction of new and environment friendly train sets like Vande Bharat, recycling and improved efficient production units such was Rail Wheel Factory, rainwater harvesting at various locations, elimination of railway crossings leading to less stoppages and faster movement.  
Finally, I would like to emphasize about one of the latest initiatives taken by Indian Railways and other Railway establishments i.e., adoption of e-Office, e-Tendering, e-Ticketing to cut down on the consumption of paper as Indian Railways has always put its best foot forward to protect the environ- ment. Environment protection is always an ongoing process with the Indian Railways.