Child victims of aggression

Dr. Dipak Nath, PhD
The United Nations (UN) International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression is observed on June 4 each year. The purpose of the day is to acknowledge the pain suffered by children throughout the world who are the victims of physical, mental and emotional abuse. It s observed globally in order to protect and preserve the rights of children. The day was established on 19th August, 1982, and commemorated by the United Nations after reports of a shocking number of innocent Lebanese and Palestinian children suffering acts of aggression surfaced during the Lebanon War.
Children make for a quarter of the world’s population and are crucial for the wellbeing of any society. They are also the most vulnerable members of society, who need to be protected and given equal opportunities to lead safe, happy and successful lives. But, an astounding number of kids are exposed to violence, displacement and abuse due to conflicts and wars each year. This only proves a dire need to educate everyone about the grave impact any conflict has on kids and the importance of taking stringent measures. Whenever armed conflict breaks out, it is the most vulnerable members of societies namely children, who are most affected by the consequences of war. In recent years, the number of violations perpetrated against children has in many conflict zones increased. More than two million children have been killed in conflicts in the last two decades. As child abuse is now in the spotlight of global attention, UN is working hard to help protect children around the world. One key factor is the process of international negotiation and action centered around the convention on the rights of the child. To acknowledge this and protect children’s rights, the International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression was established by the United Nations. In the year 1997, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution on the rights of the child in war-torn nations. The 2030 agenda for sustainable development provides a roadmap for different governments around the world to secure a better future for their children.
The objective of International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression is to spread awareness and educate the public about the atrocities that are being committed on children in countries such as Somalia, Afghanistan and Columbia. Lack of education, child labour, molestation and human slavery are some of the issues that International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression talks about. Many journalists have reported instances of child labour, child abuse and child slavery in countries such as Libya, Sudan and Iraq. (To be contd)