Tourism for inclusive growth
Ranjan K Baruah
One of the major sectors when it comes to employment is tourism as it employs one in every ten people on earth but due to the recent pandemic, 100-120 million direct tourism jobs are at risk. The United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) foresees that domestic tourism will return before international tourism and if managed well then this could benefit rural communities around the world.
There is no doubt that tourism creates jobs, promotes local culture and products, works in the sustainable use and management of the environment, like marine resources, and improves measures to make tourism an inclusive experience for all. We know that 17 Sustainable Development Goals( SDGs) and the corresponding 169 SDG targets offer the world a new direction, tourism can and must play a significant role in delivering sustainable solutions for people, the planet, prosperity and peace. Tourism has the potential to contribute, directly or indirectly to all of the goals. In particular, it has been included as targets in Goals 8, 12 and 14 on inclusive and sustainable economic growth, sustainable consumption and production (SCP) and the sustainable use of oceans and marine resources, respectively.
The many important contributions of tourism encouraged the UNWTO to institute World Tourism Day in a meeting that took place in Spain, commencing the first celebration of the observance in the year 1980. This date was chosen to coincide with an important milestone in world tourism: the 10th anniversary of the adoption of the UNWTO Statutes on 27th September 1970. This year’s theme and focus is on “Tourism for Inclusive Growth.”
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