Traumatic experiences stemming from ‘Kuki’-Meitei bloody clash Death anxiety among displaced inmates in burning Sanaleibak-Kangleipak
Chakpram Purnima Devi (UGC Junior Research Fellow Independent)
Contd from previous issue
In the present study, the following six variables were examined to determine whether there was any differences in death anxiety between younger and older, female and male, individuals with differenteducational and occupational statuses, married and unmarried, and physical health status. Based on these variables, we may examine the findings of some previous studies.
AGE AND DEATH ANXIETY
Studies found that age is considered an important factor that affects death anxiety. In the present study, participants were broken down into two groups. The first group included participants who were in younger age (from 15 years old to 35 years old), while the second group consisted of older individuals who were above 35 years of age to 73.
Age is one of the significant predictors of death anxiety; for example, death anxiety is higher in middle-aged than in elderly participants. It declines from middle age to older age and stabilizes during the final decades of life; higher death anxiety among adults; highest death anxiety among men and women in their 20s, decreasing significantly with age until the age of 60; higher death anxiety among younger staff members; younger people reported higher death anxiety than older people.
Adolescent students showed greater anxiety, depression, low anxiety above 70 years; less emotional distress associated with death and the loss of a loved one among older people;older persons were significantly more anxious about the word “death”.
On the other hand, some studies revealed that older participants (55-70 years old) had higher rates of death anxiety as the participants are old and are nearer to death, they might think about their mortality frequently and this behaviour results in increased fear and anxiety. Another factor is that, death of near and dear ones might trigger increased death anxiety.
In contrast, age was not linked to fear of death;mixed results.
Reasons for High or Low Death Anxiety based on Age
Researchers put forward certain reasons for high and low death anxiety that older people (55-70 years old) had higher rates of death anxiety. In this context, there are several explanations for this : as people are old and are nearer to death, they might think about their mortality more often and this behavior results inincreased fear and anxiety, and death of close friends and spouses might trigger off increased death anxiety. Higher death anxiety among elderly may be due to more future hopes and expectations, as people during old age are usually exposed to stress and anxiety in this stage due to loss of income, work, health, and prestige. Middle aged individuals experienced greater death anxiety because of discrepancies between their desired and expected time left to live. Another explanation contended that adolescents tend to portray or feel a sense of invulnerability and invincibility (unconquerable). It indicates that death among adolescents appears to be an event that occurs to other people, but somehow does not happen to them.
The findings of the studies indicated that in most studies (38.50%), death anxiety of young people was found higher; however, 19.23% study found no age differences in death anxiety; 15.40% studies found middle-aged and 11.54% older age having higher death anxiety; 3.85% found decline from middle age to older age; and 11.54% found mixed results.
(To be contd)