Scholarly Strides : A decade of development of higher education in India

Prof Himanshu Rai (Director, IIM Indore)
Contd from previous issue
Universities embraced curriculum revisions, introducing flexible credit systems, choice-based cour-ses, and industry-aligned specializations. Collaborative research initiatives with leading institutions, both domestic and international, flourished, propelling India’s research output onto the global stage.
Teacher Training endea-vors like Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya National Mission on Teachers and Teaching, Quality Improvement Program, National Mission on Men-toring, ATAL FDPs, etc, have been significant contributors towards faculty development.
The rise of digital education platforms like SWA- YAM (which was expanded and enriched in terms of the courses in 2016) and MOOCs revolutionized access to quality education. Online degree programs further expanded options. Setting up of the National Digital University could be transformational. Initiatives like “Digital India” and “BharatNet” focused on improving internet connec- tivity across the country, paving the way for wider adoption of digital learning tools.
India’s ascent in higher education is also evidenced by its impressive research output and innovation. As reported by the US National Science Foundation’s 2022 report, India ranked third globally in scientific publications in 2020, a leap from seventh in 2010. The research output grew by 54% between 2017 and 2022, outpacing the global average. This period saw 1.3 million academic papers and 8.9 million citations. In innovation, patent filings surged by 30% from 2016-17 to 2020-21.
Over the past decade, India’s higher education sector has not just kept pace with global trends but often led the way. Through substantial policy reforms and the integration of advanced technological tools, it has been reimagined to meet the aspirations of a young, dynamic India. While the progress is evident in the data, challenges such as equitable access, quality improvement, and fostering diverse research areas remain. The continued commitment to investment, policy refinement, and innovation is essential for sustaining and accelerating this remarkable journey of educational transformation.