One man’s radical thinking changed the reality of the beginning of our existence from what had been the mind-set of medieval people for centuries all over the world. Darwinian (biological) evolution has been going on over the past 4 billion years, following the Earth’s formation 4.5 billion years ago. The facts of evolution ie the notion that all living forms are related and evolved in an amplitude of time from one common ancestry could only be denied by an abandonment of reason.

The nature of scientific thinking is rebellious. It has to be. Otherwise, we won’t have the hypothesis of the Big Bang; the best we have at the moment for the origin of the universe. The idea of understanding the world without reference to gods was a revolutionary one, 26 centuries ago, in Greece.

Keeping dogma aside and reason being part of the zeitgeist, would you believe people in Australia live upside down? Yes they do. They get accustomed to the fact, which then becomes normal. Einstein understood it. It’s the structure of space and time that is made like this. This is science, but the science I seek is to highlight how the living things including humans were created. Darwin’s evolutionary theory about the development of life on Earth is not foolproof, but it’s definitely better than American creationist alternative that God created human beings 6,000 years ago, rather than the universally accepted secular 4.5 billion years.

The human mind meanders like Dr Kamal’s Chandranadi River in Canchipur, Manipur, changing and sparkling, energising our brain synapses, producing neurotransmitter chemicals. Archaeologists have distinguished 3 stages of human development: (1) hunter-gatherer; (2) farmer (agriculture) 10,000 BCE ;and (3) city life 5,000 BCE. Once they had settled to a sedentary life with leisure to put their feet up, they thought of goddesses or fertility gods, at the marvel of women giving birth to babies, such as Meitei Panthoibi, Indian Ganga, Aztec Coalticue , Greek Aphrodite , Roman Rosmeta, Irish Brigit and British Damara.

I didn’t realise I am definitely intelligent, though I thought I was, until today, when I read an article in The daily Telegraph, titled ‘It may sound silly, but talking to yourself is a sign of high intelligence,’ quoting a study by psychologists led by Dr Paloma Mari-Beffa, senior lecturer in neuropsychology and cognitive psychology at Bangor University, Wales, UK.

The Child is Father of the Man (Wordsworth, My heart Leaps Up). Whatever Wordsworth meant, I take it to mean that the true nature of a person does not change with time. True, but the clever child will grow smarter. Modern children are definitely smarter than their parents. I don’t mean more genetically intelligent, but having better ability to do creative work, to make and invent things. They can adapt to a far more complicated world.

The origin of the game of football was shrouded in mystery, as was of Polo. It’s now agreed it began in England in 1581, codified in 1863. It was introduced to Manipur by James Johnstone in his Johnstone School. Before WWII my eldest brother Gokulchandra (ex-Johnstonian) played football barefooted, for Ashutosh Engineering College in Dhaka, now in Bangladesh, against a visiting English team.

News is the first rough draft of history. Here’re some news that will be history in the next few years such as, doctors as fortune tellers by doing single blood test that can tell how a person will age, after scientists decoded blood “signature” patterns which predict ill health. Researchers at Boston University, US, have learnt to recognise combinations of specific “biomarkers” or chemicals found in the blood of 5,000 people in a study. The new approach will enable doctors to give a likelihood of their patients’ overall future health, and thus advise lifestyle changes or give preventive treatment to stave off diseases.

Adolf Hitler was a German politician and was Fuhrer of Nazi party from 1933 to 1945. He was responsible for WWII. His spouse was Eva Braun. Both committed suicide on April 30 1945 when Germany was losing the War. Hitler’s autographical book, Mein Kampf published in 2016, became a bestseller in Germany again, 92 years after it was first published in 1925. This edition has 2,000 pages and is being sold at £69 like hotdogs.

Mohenjo-daro, one of the world’s earliest city civilisations of pure indigenous Indians is now being discovered. It is still driving archaeologists bananas as Mohenjo daro script is indecipherable. The recent Hindi film, Mohenjo Daro (2016), starring Hrithik Roshan and Pooja Hegde, is well researched and evocative of the excavated city, especially the two enormous silt platforms, upper and lower towns, stabilised by facings of mud brick. The larger of the two platforms that is the Lower Town is divided by a grid of wide streets into city blocks with lanes, dwellings with courtyards, and with access to wells for water.

English language has become international language. In Manipur also, children are now taught in English, especially in private schools from the Kindergarten stage with English nursery rhymes that are global. The good thing about studying English language is that students are exposed to a range of knowledge, especially on the net whose language is English. The study of English literature provides them with creativity to approach their lives and helps them to build experience while enjoying as a recreational activity. Because, English-language writers explore human experience and imagination in their prose, poetry, short stories and dramas.

Lucky are those who have never questioned their birth sex. This year 2017 has seen a public explosion on the uncertainty of gender identity ie people who don’t know if they are male or female. They are known as non-binary people or genderqueer (they prefer to be called non-binary), who have now come out in the open with their own ‘Pride flag’ created in 2014, with horizontal stripes (from top to bottom) – yellow, white, purple and black. The ‘gender community’ LGBT (Lesbian, gay, bisexual, & transgender) has various flags to represent various identities. Pride flags are symbols used at their Pride parades for self identification.