Book publishing as a career option

Ranjan K Baruah
It is said that books are our best friends. A book gives us information and also confidence and it motivates us. In simple, a book is a set of sheets of paper, parchment, or similar materials that are fastened together to hinge at one side. A single sheet within a book is a leaf, and each side of a leaf is a page. Writing or images can be printed or drawn on a book’s pages. An electronic image that is formatted to resemble a book on a computer screen, smart phone or e-reader device is known as an electronic book or e-book. Books are important in our life and just think what career may be associated with books. Well, one career is none other than book publishing.
Publishing includes many other products apart from books. It is a process of distribution of information to the public in the form of books, literature, newspaper, periodicals, magazines and other areas. The profession is associated with printing and retailing of printed matters. Publishing industry has its own set of parameters and is mainly divided into editorial, designing, production, printing, advertising, publicity and marketing. With the advent of digital developments, books, magazines and papers, are being published electronically as e-books or e-papers. In this section we are more focusing on book publishing.
Book publishing has been a traditional career. There are many leading publication houses which are associated with publication of books. With the advancement of technology and internet now there are soft versions of books which are called as e books. A career in the field of publishing is becoming more and more promising, challenging and thrilling with the expansion of new delivery channels.
Any graduate may take up the career of book publishing. But it is always preferable to have some special training or diploma courses to be successful in this field. Traditionally, there are few publishing houses but now there are many publishing houses associated with book publishing. Several institutes and universities in India are offering Degree, Diploma, PG Diploma and Certificate level courses in book publishing. One may be in the creative and design team and some may associated with the technical aspect of publications.

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Big data for big impact

Ranjan K Baruah
One of the biggest contributions of science and technology is internet. It has become part and partial of most of the people around the world. Uses of internet are more in developed and advanced countries as well as other countries. Though some people are yet to use internet but most of them have heard of it. After the social media boom literate or semi least literate, all are aware of the word called internet. Readers might be wondering why I am telling about this simple things. Well, we must be aware that internet or ICTs (Information Communication Technologies) is a democratic tool which is contributing in social change around the world.
Like many other day the purpose of World Telecommunication and Information Society Day (WTISD) is to help raise awareness of the possibilities that the use of the Internet and other information and communication technologies can bring to societies and economies, as well as of ways to bridge the digital divide. ICTs have crucial role for achieving Sustainable Development Goals. SDGs can’t be achieved without the best use of ICTs and more importantly internet and other telecommunications mediums. 17 May marks the anniversary of the signing of the first International Telegraph Convention and the creation of the International Telecommunication Union.
World Telecommunication Day has been celebrated annually on 17 May since 1969, marking the founding of International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the signing of the first International Telegraph Convention in 1865. It was instituted by the Plenipotentiary Conference in Malaga-Torremolinos in 1973.
In November 2005, the World Summit on the Information Society called upon the UN General Assembly to declare 17 May as World Information Society Day to focus on the importance of ICT and the wide range of issues related to the Information Society raised by WSIS. The General Assembly adopted a resolution (A/RES/60/252) in March 2006 stipulating that World Information Society Day shall be celebrated every year on 17 May.
In November 2006, the ITU Plenipotentiary Conference in Antalya, Turkey, decided to celebrate both events on 17 May as World Telecommunication and Information Society Day. The updated Resolution 68 invites Member States and Sector Members to celebrate the day annually by organizing appropriate national programmes with a view to stimulating reflection and exchanges of ideas on the theme adopted by the Council, debating the various aspects of the theme with all partners in society, formulating a report reflecting national discussions on the issues underlying the theme, to be fed back to ITU and the rest of its membership
The theme for WTISD-17, “Big Data for Big Impact,” focuses on the power of Big Data for development and aims to explore how to turn imperfect, complex, often unstructured data into actionable information in a development context. The insight brought on by advanced analysis can strongly complement the evidence-based nature of decision-making that can be leveraged at national, regional and international levels to drive success towards attaining all 17 of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for 2030.
On his message on the occasion of WTISD Houlin Zhao , Secretary General of ITU has said that “it will also be an occasion to take a closer look at the importance of governance and regulation, and the implications for personal privacy and security given the future exponential growth in data and connectivity’. He also mentioned in his message that “countless opportunities will also be identified as we learn to better perfect and harness big data, and understand the impact big data can have as a global good. Activities undertaken by the ITU membership will contribute towards building momentum to embrace big data on a global scale and to seize new opportunities to address development challenges.”
There are many activities undertaken by different organisation. It is important for us to to use ICTS for social change. Having resource or data is always important and hence it can be used for positive impact. We should try to utilize information and data for building sustainable future for us and for the generations to come.

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Public health as career choice

Ranjan K Baruah
All of us are concerned about health and wellness. Educated people are more aware of health while there is lack of awareness amongst masses in rural areas. Due to lack of awareness the health scenario in the country is not very good in comparison with some other developed countries. In this regard many terms are being used by us and one of such term is ‘public health.’
Public health refers to “the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals.” It is concerned with threats to health based on population health analysis. The population in question can be as small as a handful of people, or as large as all the inhabitants of several continents. The dimensions of health can encompass “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity,” as defined by World Health Organization.
The focus of public health intervention is to improve health and quality of life through prevention and treatment of disease and other physical and mental health conditions. This is done through surveillance of cases and health indicators, and through promotion of healthy behaviors. Examples of common public health measures include promotion of hand washing, breastfeeding, delivery of vaccinations, suicide prevention, etc.
India is experiencing a rapid health transition. It is confronted both by an unfinished agenda of infectious diseases, nutritional deficiencies and unsafe pregnancies as well as the challenge of escalating epidemics of non-communicable diseases. This composite threat to the nation’s health and development needs a concerted public health response that can ensure efficient delivery of cost-effective interventions for health promotion, disease prevention and affordable diagnostic and therapeutic health care.
One may think of public health as career choice. There are courses and institutes that offer courses related to public health management or administration.  One may choose to take up the courses. After completing the course aspirants may get jobs or placement in health department, various international organisations, nongovernmental organization, etc which are focused and specialization on public health. The best part is one need not be doctors to work in public health sector. There are department like public health engineers where we find engineers working in the department.  Public health demands expertise on public health management, so doing a course in this regard might be useful for our students.
Aspirants must remember that one may not get the job immediately after doing the course. One needs to have other skills apart from qualification to be successful in this field. With proper planning and qualification our students may work in this field and extend their service for the need of the community and others for positive social transformation.
Scholarships Updates:
OFID Scholarships: Aspirants may apply for scholarships from OPEC Fund for International Development. Student may select a subject of study that pertains to OFID’s core mission, such as: economics of development (poverty reduction, energy and sustainable development), environment (desertification), or other related science and technology fields. Applicants must complete the on-line application on or before 1st May.

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World Malaria Day: End Malaria for good

Ranjan K Baruah
Malaria is one of the common diseases in many parts of the world.  Though it is preventive but still it is affecting millions in present day. Malaria is caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected mosquitoes. It is caused by plasmodium parasites that are spread to people through the bites of infected Anopheles mosquito vectors. Of the 5 parasites species that cause malaria in humans, Plasmodium falciparum is the most deadly.
The World Malaria Report, published annually by World Health Organisation (WHO), tracks progress and trends in malaria control and elimination across the globe.  The 2016 report draws on data from 91 countries and areas with ongoing malaria transmission.
According to the report, there were 212 million new cases of malaria worldwide in 2015 (range 148–304 million). The WHO African Region accounted for most global cases of malaria (90%), followed by the South-East Asia Region (7%) and the Eastern Mediterranean Region (2%).
In 2015, there were an estimated 429 000 malaria deaths (range 235 000–639 000) worldwide. Most of these deaths occurred in the African Region (92%), followed by the South-East Asia Region (6%) and the Eastern Mediterranean Region (2%).
Between 2010 and 2015, malaria incidence rates (new malaria cases) fell by 21% globally and in the African Region. During this same period, malaria mortality rates fell by an estimated 29% globally and by 31% in the African Region.
Other regions have achieved impressive reductions in their malaria burden. Since 2010, the malaria mortality rate declined by 58% in the Western Pacific Region, by 46% in the South-East Asia Region, by 37% in the Region of the Americas and by 6% in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. In 2015, the European Region was malaria-free: all 53 countries in the region reported at least 1 year of zero locally-acquired cases of malaria.
Children under 5 are particularly susceptible to malaria illness, infection and death. In 2015, malaria killed an estimated 303 000 under-fives globally, including 292 000 in the African Region. Between 2010 and 2015, the malaria mortality rate among children under 5 fell by an estimated 35%. Nevertheless, malaria remains a major killer of under-fives, claiming the life of 1 child every 2 minutes.
World Malaria Day which is observed on 25th April every year is an occasion to highlight the need for continued investment and sustained political commitment for malaria prevention and control. This year’s global theme for World Malaria Day is End Malaria for Good.  Governments, international organisation, donor agencies, media, civil society organisation must work together to end malaria from the world.
Malaria is a major public health problem in India but is preventable and curable. Presently, 80% of malaria occurs among 20% of people classified as “high risk”, although approximately 82% of the country’s population lives in malaria transmission risk areas. These populations at high-risk for malaria are found in some 200 districts of Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, West Bengal and seven north-eastern states. India has developed National Framework for Malaria Elimination in India 2016–2030. Its vision is to eliminate malaria nationally and contribute to improved health, quality of life and alleviation of poverty.
All of us may participate in ending malaria for good. From awareness to action, we may involve ourselves with our limited capacity to end malaria. Let us all take up the challenge to end it as we can be the generation that ends malaria – one of the oldest and deadliest diseases in human history.

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Exploring pet grooming as career

Ranjan K Baruah
Many of us love pets. It has been choice for many to keep pets at home. Have we ever thought that there can be some career related to pet or pet grooming.  It can be career and entrepreneurial opportunity for them who love pet and are fond of animals. People who specialize in grooming or maintaining pets appearance are called pet groomers. Pet groomers are the beauticians of the animal world. In other words, pet groomer is an individual who works with animals and enhances their hygiene and appearance using a variety of grooming techniques. One can associated with this field of new profession which is very new in the country.
Pet groomers usually groom dogs and cats, some may even groom other animals such as rabbits and horses. Like human beings pets too require caring. Well being of a pet is closely related to pet grooming. Pet groomers are in high demand as more and more pet owners look for professional care and maintenance of their pet’s health and well-being.  There is no formal education related to becoming a pet groomer but it is always advantages to have knowledge about the animals. One can learn them from various sources. On a lighter side we can say, pet groomers are half way Veterinarians. Groomers are often the first to notice a medical problem, such as an ear or skin infection that requires veterinary care.  A good pet groomer should be able to alert the owner to any possible pet health care issues.
More and more pet lovers think it is worth finding a good pet grooming professional for the safety, health and well-being of their pets.  I have seen how people are ready to spend amount for their pets which means there is demand on this area if one can plan well to start something related to pet grooming. One could consider pet grooming as a full time business or you could make it a part time business while this is really a rewarding field for animal lovers.
Experienced pet groomers often host seminars or classes in metro cities, and attending these events can be a valuable first step for any prospective pet groomer. Pet Grooming is gaining popularity the world over. Even though pet grooming is totally a new concept in India, with the pet industry growing in India each year, pet grooming will definitely make its place in our country too. Pet groomers can work in kennels, veterinary clinics, animal shelters, or pet supply stores. They can also operate their own grooming business by starting a salon or parlour.
As this is new many may be wondering about it but there are some training schools outside the country and may be there might be similar training institutes in our country too. As this is new avenue so anyone who are interested need to have perseverance and good marketing skills to market their profession. (Ranjan K Baruah is a career mentor and can be reached at bkranjan@gmail.com or 98640 55558 for any career related queries)

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Career options after 10+2

Ranjan K Baruah
Selecting a good career has been a challenge for many. But with proper planning and necessary information we could choose or select the best career options for us. It’s important to choose our career from an early age and the best to choose the professional courses or regular education comes after we pass senior secondary examination. There are many career options after class XII according to our interest and subject that we take in senior secondary school. For getting admission into different courses or professional we need to appear in some entrance examination. Some of the colleges also take admission on the basis of the marks. Some of the entrance examinations after class XII are as follows:
Defence entrance:  Students can appear for National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Entrance Examination after passing class XII. Students from and stream can appear for the NDA examination. For Air Force or Navy students must have physics and maths in passing examination. Students from Arts and Commerce can opt for Army only. This exam in conducted by Union Public Service Commission.
Engineering entrance- Students can appear into various entrance examinations for getting admissions into various engineering colleges in the country. A student must pass class XII exam in science stream including Maths for appearing into any of the engineering entrance examinations. All engineering educational institutes and universities are affiliated to All India Council for Technical Education AICTE. National level entrance is called JEE Main and JEE Advanced apart from other entrance tests.
Medical entrance—Medical education is controlled and monitored by the Medical Council of India (MCI). Dental Council of India is the body to look into the matter related to Dental Colleges. A student must have passed class XII to get admission into medical. A student must have science including Biology in senior secondary examination. One of the main entrance is NEET.
Nursing: In nursing one can do courses like B Sc, GNM, ANM, etc. After passing class XII students can take admission in nursing courses, For B Sc, students must be from science background and for GNM it is preferable to be from science stream. However students from arts stream may also take admission in GNM and ANM courses.
Law entrance: Student can take admission in the integrated law course which are offered by reputed law schools/universities or different law colleges in the country. Students from any background passing class XII can appear in law entrance test. Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is conducted for admission into reputed institute.
Fashion entrance:  One of the lucrative careers which are liked by youngsters of modern years is into fashion designing or related field. Fashion and Technology has a wide scope for choosing a career. Top most institutes like NIFT, NID etc conduct entrance examination for admission to their various courses.
Hospitality courses: Interested students can opt for some courses in hospitality sector which includes hotel management, aviation, travel and tourism, air hostage, etc. Students should be good in communication skill apart from other required soft skills. Some entrance examinations are conducted for admissions and students must be careful when they select private institute. We shall publish about some more options in our next edition. Students should use internet to browse information before selecting courses and institutes apart from collecting information from other sources. Students and parents must be aware of admission agent as they might not be genuine.
Updates: The government of Russian Federation has announced ‘ On Scholarship Programme for Degree Studies at St Petersburg University SPbU’ and offering educational opportunities including scholarships for foreign students and inviting applications from Indian national to pursue degree courses at St Petersburg State University , Russia. Applications may be submitted before 15th June. Students interested in developmental work might apply for MA in Development Studies from IIT Guwahati. Last date for applying online is 17th April.
(The writer is a career mentor and he can be reached at 98640 55558 or bkranjan@gmail.com for any career related queries)

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Career planning after Class X

Ranjan K Baruah
Many students have appeared in the Secondary Level Examination or Board Exam or Class X Examination this year. There might be separate boards like state board or central board but after passing Class X examination or secondary level examination many students are worried. Off course some worry for marks that they might get but many are worried regarding next studies or what would be after they pass the exam.
We have to take proper care while selecting our career as it decides our future. Proper planning and proper counselling might help a student to choose a good career. We need to have proper information about various opportunities before selecting any career. Most of the students completing their 10th standard are confused about deciding a right career path. It’s difficult for a student to judge everything and hence the role of teachers and parents are very important. Students selecting science stream must be aware of whether they are good in subject like Maths or not. We should be careful and make proper planning while we select our stream for Class XI and beyond.
Prepare your own S.W.O.T (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats) analysis in writing. To construct our own SWOT analysis to set a course for our career planning, we have to examine our current situation. We have to look at our strengths and weaknesses and how we can capitalize on strengths and overcome our weaknesses. We have to look critically the external opportunities and threats in our chosen career field. Strengths: they are positive aspects that can be very efficiently used to bring you the competitive advantage that you need i.e. your education, personal traits, networking success, your work experience, your technical knowledge in the field, specific skills such as communication, leadership and team work. Weaknesses are the negative aspects of the internal environment. We must look at it and improve them. Opportunities are the positive external aspects which we cannot control, but which can be taken as an advantage. Threats are the bad side of the external environment, but even though its challenging to control them, but these can be you smoothen with proper planning.
Our aim in life or dream profession must be SMART. Now this is interesting as what this SMART mean? Well, SMART here is referred to Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic and Timely or Time Bound.

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Career prospect in Physics

Ranjan K Baruah
The dictionary definition of physics is “the study of matter, energy, and the interaction between them”, but what that really means is that physics is about asking fundamental questions and trying to answer them by observing and experimenting. Physics is a very old discipline because astronomy, a part of physics, is the oldest natural science. In the past it was a part of natural philosophy with other fields of science, such as chemistry and biology, but during the scientific revolution, these fields became separate, and physics became a distinct field of knowledge.
Physics is a branch of science. It studies matter, and all forces and their effects. Modern physics connects ideas about the four laws of symmetry and conservation of energy, momentum, charge, and parity. Physics can also be defined as “that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events”. One of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, the main goal of physics is to understand how the universe behaves.
It is a very old discipline because astronomy, a part of physics, is the oldest natural science. In the past it was a part of natural philosophy with other fields of science, such as chemistry and biology, but during the scientific revolution, these fields became separate, and physics became a distinct field of knowledge.
It uses the scientific method. That is, data from experiments and observations are collected. Theories which attempt to explain these data are produced. Physics uses these theories to not only describe physical phenomena, but to model physical systems and predict how these physical systems will behave. Physicists then compare these predictions to observations or experimental evidence to show whether the theory is right or wrong.
Medical physicists are employed in hospitals and departments of medical research. Astrophysics being a field in Physics and aspirants may get connected to organisation like Indian Space Research Organisation. Aspirants with Ph.D or qualified in National Eligibility Test can take up teaching positions in schools, colleges and universities.
Some specializations are as follows:
Astrophysics- Astrophysics is the branch of astronomy that deals with the physics of the universe, including the physical properties of celestial objects, etc.
Fluid physics-Fluid Physics is the Study of behavior of fluids (gas, liquid and plasma) in motion.
Optical Physics- The branch of physics that deals with light and vision, chiefly the generation, propagation, and detection of electromagnetic radiation having wavelengths greater than x-rays and shorter than microwaves.
Geophysics -Geophysics is the physics of the Earth and its environment in space; also the study of the Earth using quantitative physical methods.
Medical Physics- It is application of physics concepts, theories and methods to medicine. This has tremendous demand in health sector.
Nuclear Physics-Nuclear physics is the field of physics that studies the constituents and interactions of atomic nuclei.
Plasma Physics- It is a field of physics which deals with matter in its plasma phase. Plasma physics is a fundamental subject which covers the areas such as astrophysics, space physics, gas discharge.
Engineering Physics- Engineering physics graduates have employment opportunities with government organisations such as Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), and National Physical Laboratory, etc.
As we have less science graduate so many school and senior secondary schools are lack of qualified person to teach physics and science subjects. As there is less institute in our region hence many do not take up this subject but I can assure that anyone completing graduation and post graduation are sure to get some job in teaching if not in other sector.
(The writer is a career mentor and can be reached at bkranjan@gmail.com or 98640 55558 for any career related queries)

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Career option in Archaeology

Ranjan K Baruah
Many students studying history ask me a common question about their future scope. Most of the students are just limited to teaching or joining some governments’ job as their career choice. In this regard one of the best options for them may be studying archaeology. It is the study of human activity in the past, primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data that has been left behind by past human populations, which includes artifacts, architecture, biofacts ,cultural landscapes , etc. The word archeology is derived from two Greek words ‘archaios’ which means ancient things and ‘logos’ which means theory of science. Archaeology was first put to use by the Romans in the eighteenth century but it was given more accuracy by Heinrich Schliemann who brought to light the origins of Greek civilization.
Archaeology can be one of the rewarding and challenging career opportunities for those who are keen to know about the past. It can give awareness about the heritage and tradition of a country or a culture. It is the scientific and systematic study of past and human cultures through the recovery, analysis and documentation of material remains and environmental data, like architecture, artifacts, features, landscapes and biofacts.
Archaeology is a multidisciplinary science which draws help from geography, history, anthropology, chemistry, geology, art and literature. Those who are involved with the studies of archaeological discoveries is termed as Archaeologists. There are courses related to same and aspirant may opt for it. Numismatics, epigraphy, archives and museology are the important branches of Archaeology. One needs to spend time to become successful as it needs patience, training and time for research and learning. Courses related to subjects includes Advance Diploma in Archaeology and Museology , B.A. Indian History, Culture and Archaeology, M.A. Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology, M.A. Archaeology, etc. Aspirants may join government services or join teaching. There are different opportunities to be in research and other fields.
ASI: The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), under the Ministry of Culture, is the premier organization for the archaeological researches and protection of the cultural heritage of the nation. Maintenance of ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance is the prime concern of the ASI. Besides it regulate all archaeological activities in the country as per the provisions of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958. The organization has a large work force of trained archaeologists, conservators, epigraphist, architects and scientists for conducting archaeological research projects through its Circles, Museums, Excavation Branches, Prehistory Branch, Epigraphy Branches, Science Branch, Horticulture Branch, Building Survey Project, Temple Survey Projects and Underwater Archaeology Wing.
Scholarships Update:
1. Chinese government is providing scholarships to Indian students for studying various courses. Chinese Government Scholarship 2017 is under India-China Cultural Exchange Program for the academic year 2017-18 for higher studies/research/specialized training in the different subjects. Aspirants may apply on or before 1st April.
2. The Government of Taiwan is offering 30 full scholarships to Indian students under ”Taiwan Government Scholarship Programme 2017-18″ to pursue Master or PhD degree in universities of Taiwan and some short-term Language Scholarships under Huayu Enrichment Scholarship Programme 2017-18. Interested may apply before 31st March.

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